All sapphire is not created equal. Rubicon’s proprietary crystal growth technology, ES2, and industry-leading capability for slicing and polishing large-diameter sapphire wafers position us as the world’s foremost supplier of sapphire. The quality and purity of Rubicon’s sapphire are unrivaled. Our proprietary ES2 crystal growth technique establishes greater control over crystal growth parameters resulting in a low-stress environment that produces superior quality sapphire. Our state-of-the-art manufacturing facilities fabricate sapphire with precise geometries and orientation and tight tolerances, and our processes are flexible to accommodate a wide range of customer specifications. Rubicon is a fully vertically integrated sapphire manufacturer with technology platforms in crystal growth, high precision core drilling, wafer slicing, surface lapping, ultra flat large-diameter polishing, metrology and wafer cleaning processes. And we continuously develop our technology platforms in anticipation of our customers’ evolving sapphire material requirements.